Janea Whitacre, Mistress of the trades of millinery and
mantua-making, prepares for "From Freedom to Slavery," a special
program staged in the milliner's shop. Close-ups of the muffs on the
counter can be seen in this post from Wednesday's muff workshop.
The title of this post, a quotation taken from Janea Whitacre's presentation during last week's accessories symposium at Colonial Williamsburg, serves to remind us (as Janea's accompanying dramatic "fashion show" did last Tuesday) of the variety of items that would have been available for bespeaking or ready-made sale at the shop of a milliner and/or mantua maker during the eighteenth century. From suits of clothes (caps, aprons, and kerchiefs) to hats to gloves and mitts to bags to petticoats to buckles and jewelry to cloaks and capes to gowns and jackets, the milliner, as Janea explained, was so called because she sold a "million" things.
A young apprentice catches the early afternoon light in the upper
window of the Margaret Hunter shop.
The Margaret Hunter shop, the site of only one of Williamsburg's several milliners during the mid-to-late eighteenth century, currently interprets the trades of millinery, mantua-making, and tailoring as they were practiced in colonial America. For a fantastic overview of the evolution of the trades themselves and their practice at CW, be sure to check out this article. As I'm sure it also is for many of our readers, the shop is always our favorite stop (often multiple times!) on every trip to CW. With so much to see and so much to learn from the talented journeywomen and men and their apprentices who perpetuate these needle arts, we never tire of visiting! And since everyone loves to revel in frocks, fashions, and fripperies, here's a photo diary of some of favorite shots from our time there last week. Enjoy!
The gorgeous white short cloak and the white satin accessories below it (a stomacher and small bag) were bridal accessories featured in one of the scenes from Tuesday's symposium fashion show. While white wedding gowns didn't become the norm until Queen Victoria popularized them in 1840, they weren't entirely unheard of. CW's collection includes a cream satin gown dating to 1756 which is documented to have been made and worn specifically as a wedding gown (though I'm sure it was subsequently used on other formal occasions as well). You can see this gown in one of our previous posts.
The hat below, though a reproduction made in the shop, is a very special antique in and of itself. It was made by Colonial Williamsburg's very first milliner in the 1950s and is an exact copy of the silk-covered hat currently featured in the "Fashion Accessories from Head to Toe" exhibit. More specifics and the option to super-zoom on the original hat can be found in the exhibit's online counterpart.
The reproduction hat made in the shop in the 1950s, now
brought out and given a place of honor to mark the symposium
and current museum exhibit.
The original hat, currently on display in the
DeWitt Wallace Museum at CW.
The in-progress sleeves of a wool riding habit which was
featured in the symposium's fashion show. The waistcoat for the
Doris Warren, journeywoman of the trades of millinery and
mantua-making, discusses some of the shop's treasures with visitors.
If you're curious to learn more about the practice of the needle trades at CW, you might enjoy exploring these links from past CW podcast interviews.